4WD Operations on Unsealed Roads- Risk Response Rescue



This training program provides learners with the skills and knowledge to effectively operate four-wheel drive vehicles in a variety of settings and spaces.


  • 1 day


  • FWPCOT3259 Operate a four wheel drive on unsealed roads

This unit of competency describes the outcomes required to safely operate a four wheel drive (4x4) vehicle on unsealed roads.

This Unit of competency is from the public safety, Forest and Wood Products and Agriculture, Horticulture and Conservation and Land Management Training Packages Training Package Most suitable for Forest Growing and Management, Harvesting and Haulage, Sawmilling and Processing, Timber Manufactured Products and applies to persons operating a 4x4 vehicle in a variety of work settings with different terrains.


The main elements covered in the program include:

  • Identification of four-wheel drive specific terms and terminology
  • Conduct checks of 4x4 vehicle and equipment
  • Prepare for 4x4 operations
  • Operate 4x4 vehicle on unsealed terrain types
  • Operate 4x4 vehicle on a steep slope
  • Perform maintenance and minor repairs on 4x4 vehicles’

Persons will also be trained in how to:

  • follow applicable workplace safety, environmental  and regulatory requirements and codes of practice relevant to operating a 4x4 vehicle
  • follow organisational policies and procedures relevant to operating a 4x4 vehicle, including:
  • communicate and work safely with others in rough terrain when operating a 4x4 vehicle
  • perform pre-start checks of vehicle and equipment suitable to different terrains by checking loads and tyre pressure, selecting navigation aids and advising passengers of safety precautions
  • operate safely, a 4x4 vehicle, on unsealed road conditions and different terrain types, including negotiating steep slopes, by identifying hazards and assessing risks
  • use appropriate range, gear, speed, driving and braking techniques safely when operating a 4x4 vehicle on a steep slope
  • demonstrate safe use of a jack to support a 4x4 vehicle while changing a tyre under relevant road terrains and conditions within the operating environment
  • park and shut down 4x4 vehicle in line with manufacturer specifications and organisational requirements
  • perform and document operational maintenance as permitted by vehicle operator handbook.

Persons will also gain knowledge in:

  • four wheel drive operational information
  • structural differences between conventional two wheel drive and a four wheel drive including:
  • applicable regulations, standards, codes of practice and established safe practices relevant to the operating a 4x4 vehicle
  • road rules, regulations, permit and licence requirements of the relevant state or territory
  • environmental protection requirements including the safe disposal of waste material
  • prestart checks for 4x4 vehicle
  • safe operating conditions for a 4x4 vehicle
  • types of environmental risks and hazards associated with operating a 4x4 vehicle on unsealed roads
  • 4x4 driving techniques in different terrains
  • operational knowledge of a 4x4 vehicle, including controls, instruments, indicators and their use
  • tyre management principles for checking, changing and maintenance
  • workplace communication channels and protocols
  • techniques for travelling in convoy
  • problem identification and resolution strategies, and common fault-finding techniques relevant to safely operating a four wheel drive vehicle
  • types of tools and equipment relating to a 4x4 vehicle, and procedures for their safe use and maintenance
  • maintenance equipment including spares and fluids
  • procedures for recording and reporting workplace information.